Since ancient times ceramics and glass have been used to manufacture structural components for engineering projects. Products made of ceramic materials that are specially optimized for the specific application can easily comply with requirements of engineering projects.
Ceramic products for the construction sector include cements and cement-based materials, interior and exterior tiles, sanitary ware, non-refractory bricks, and other more complex shapes such as drainage, sewer, and chimney pipes and linings. Cementsare used to make mortar and concrete. Mortar is obtained by mixing cement with water and sand and is the preferred material for masonry projects, such as the joining of bricks, stones, and tiles, and for filling cracks and holes. In addition to water, sand, and cement, concrete also contains gravel and small rocks, which provide strength to the mixture. Concrete is used in a variety of civil engineering projects, including buildings, bridges and roads, as well as fire-, moisture-, and chemical-proof structures. Concrete can also be molded in ready-to-use bricks, blocks, pipes, and other shapes that can be formed by 3D printing.
The machinery and equipment used in on- and offshore engineering are operated under sometimes extreme conditions and increasingly on the seabed at depths of more than 1000 metres. Typical requirements for highly stressed components in this area include: ability to withstand high pressure, resistance to changing loads, corrosion resistance, mechanical strength, abrasion resistance, impact strength. Products made of oxide ceramic materials, such as Zirconia (ZrO2) Ceramics, that are specially optimized for the specific application can easily comply with requirements of this type.